Content of the material
- How to Invest in Real Estate with No Money Down
- 1. Borrow the Money
- 2. Assume an Existing Mortgage
- 3. Seller Financing
- 4. Hard Money with No Money Down
- 5. Private Loan for Investment Property
- 8. Hard money loan
- Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool
- Exchange Property
- Take on a Partner
- Find the Right Location
- Seller Financing
- Avoid Becoming House-Poor
- 1. Invest in a new home and make your primary residence a rental
- Invest in Landlord Insurance
- Rent to Own
- Free Mini-Course: Passive Income from 2-4 Unit Multifamilies
- Home Equity Line of Credit – HELOC
- If you already own a primary residence
- 1. Get a HELOC
- 2. Do a cash-out refinance
- 3. House hack
- Ditch Your Day Job: Free 8-Video Course
How to Invest in Real Estate with No Money Down
When you have to put 20% cash down on an investment property, there’s a lot less of your cash available to you for when you need it. When you get a call from your tenant about a furnace emergency, having this money is a game changer. But it’s important to note that in most cases a lender won’t just give you money with no money down, nor will a seller will agree to forgo this extra cash either. The truth is, the money has to come from somewhere. In order to make a no money down option possible, there are a couple of ways to do it:
1. Borrow the Money
One of the most flexible no money down strategies to take is borrowing the money from someone in your personal network. When you’re getting financing from an individual you know and trust, it’s easier to negotiate softer, more simpler terms — like no payments for the first year or no monthly interest. Friends, family, neighbors, or co-workers may have extra money and are looking for a good return on investment. If you’re having difficulty securing lending from banks, this is a great way to get a loan with fewer formalities and more lenient conditions.
Keep in mind, these loans should be secured by a loan contract — similar to a promissory note — establishing the amount borrowed, repayment terms, and the lender’s recourse if you are unable to repay, so that both parties are protected. Borrowing money from someone without a contract is just asking for trouble, so make sure to protect your relationships and lay out the terms of the loan upfront.
2. Assume an Existing Mortgage
Not all mortgages are assumable, but if you consider the eligible options when purchasing your investment property, it could offer a way to not only avoid a big down payment, but also lower your interest rates and closing costs.
With this option, the buyer steps into the seller’s current mortgage, assuming the current interest rate in effect. And unlike a new mortgage where closing costs can amount to several thousand dollars, assumable mortgages often impose limits on assumption-related fees, saving you even more cash.
Assumable mortgages include: FHA loans, VA loans, and USDA loans.
3. Seller Financing
One option many people aren’t aware of is a Purchase-Money Mortgage, or seller financing. In this scenario, the seller of the property directly finances the buyer as part of the purchase transaction. They offer the buyer a loan to purchase their property, while the buyer provides a financing instrument to the seller as evidence of the loan, which is typically recorded in public records to protect both parties.
While purchase-money mortgages are a popular type of 100% financing, it requires finding motivated sellers who are willing to finance their property. But one of the best parts about seller financing is that the buyer can often choose from different loan terms and payment options (fixed-rate, amortization, less-than-interest, and so on) based on the seller’s discretion. The seller’s criteria for qualifications is also likely to be more flexible than most lenders.
4. Hard Money with No Money Down
Unlike traditional lenders who will look at your credit score, borrowing history, and income, hard money lenders are only concerned with the collateral securing the loan — or the property being purchased. To these lenders, the value of the collateral is more important than your financial position because if you’re unable to make payments, the lender will get their money back by taking the collateral and selling it.
These loans are generally short-term — from one to five years — and the borrower is expected to pay monthly interest until the loan is paid back in full.
This option offers a much faster loan application process since there are fewer details to go through in order to get approved. These agreements are also more flexible as each deal is looked at individually, versus through a standardized underwriting process. A hard money lender will lend as much as the property is worth, but typically they’ll keep loan-to-value ratios fairly low, so they know they have a good chance at getting their money back in case anything goes wrong.
5. Private Loan for Investment Property
Wait, aren’t private lenders and hard money lenders the same? Contrary to popular belief, they’re actually very different. Private lenders use a much different process for reviewing potential borrowers. This process involves the 3 C’s: Credit, Capacity to Pay, and Collateral. Unlike a hard money lender who only focuses on collateral, private lenders are looking for:
Becoming a landlord with no money at all is not very realistic. The truth is that no one can become a landlord without investing some cash because they inevitably must pay property taxes, insurance, management fees, and maintenance costs.
However, as shown above, there are some ways to buy properties with little or no down payment. It's up to you to choose the most suitable one for the beginning of your professional adventure as a landlord.
We recommend doing comprehensive research before making up your mind on which option you choose to help you on your way to becoming a landlord.
8. Hard money loan
House flippers are known for using hard money lenders to help them house hack into a real estate deal.
Hard money loans are non-conforming loans that are generally provided by private lenders, individual investors, or groups who offer money upfront for short-term borrowing.
It’s private money lent with high interest rates and short terms, and this loan option allows investors to secure financing based on the property’s current or even future value.
Hard money lenders may pull your credit score, but the underwriting process is typically less strict than with a traditional mortgage loan.
If you find a deal on a fixer upper, and you qualify for a hard money lender’s loan-to-value guidelines, you may be able purchase with little or no money down.
“If you are buying an investment property, you will need collateral, such as a separate property, going this route,” says Meyer.
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If you already own property, you may want to exchange it for another property. You could either exchange the property with a buyer, or use it in combination with a small amount of cash to obtain the property you want.
Take on a Partner
Finding other cash buyers is another way to purchase a property with no money down. However, this could get messy as other hands get into the deal. To simplify this process, you can organize the deal on a smaller scale by bringing in one or two more people at the most. In return for their financing, you can promise to take on the responsibilities of putting together the deal and managing the real estate investment. You may also try to work out a similar deal with the current seller.
Find the Right Location
The last thing you want is to be stuck with a rental property in an area that is declining rather than stable or picking up steam. A city or locale where the population is growing and a revitalization plan is underway represents a potential investment opportunity.
When choosing a profitable rental property, look for a location with low property taxes, a decent school district, and plenty of amenities, such as restaurants, coffee shops, shopping, trails, and parks. In addition, a neighborhood with a low crime rate, easy access to public transportation, and a growing job market may mean a larger pool of potential renters.
Also known as owner financing, seller financing is a nontraditional form of financing in which the seller/owner of the property holds financing for the buyer. Seller financing gives the buyer more negotiating power. Many sellers have set financing terms they will accept when it comes to interest rates, down payment, or loan periods.
However, many of these terms can be negotiated depending on your seller and your negotiation skills. This can include negotiating financing with little to no money down in exchange for a longer loan period. Figure out your seller’s needs and come up with a solution that works for both parties.
Avoid Becoming House-Poor
There is a phrase in real estate and finance called “house-poor.” The term describes people who stretch themselves too thin when buying a home and are left without any emergency money. When unexpected events happen, such as a job loss or broken appliance, these homeowners are in such a tight spot financially that it is difficult to recover. Unfortunately, this is all too common when attempting to invest in real estate with no money.
There are a few ways to avoid being backed into a corner financially when purchasing real estate. It is always a good idea to keep your emergency fund separate from other money and not include it in your estimates when buying a house. That way, if anything were to happen, you have funds you can rely on. In some cases reserving your emergency money may force you to make a smaller down payment than you want. Remember that even if you are required to get mortgage insurance initially, you can always refinance down the road when you have more equity in the home.
1. Invest in a new home and make your primary residence a rental
If you already own a home, you’re ahead of the game.
One of the more common ways to become a real estate investor is by turning your current primary residence into a rental property.
There are significant advantages to “backing into your first rental property” this way.
- Traditional investment property loans require a larger down payment and come with higher interest rates. Often times, you can expect a 20% down payment requirement
- The interest rate on an investment property is generally higher than the rate on your primary residence by a half percent or more
So the investment strategy is: Rent out your current home, and finance the next home you buy as a primary residence (meaning, you’ll be living there full time).
That way, you pay a lower interest rate on both properties. And if you’re still making mortgage payments on that first home, you can use the income you make from rent to cover part or all of the mortgage.
“Be prepared to provide a letter of explanation,” notes Jon Meyer, The Mortgage Reports loan expert and licensed MLO. “It may be requested depending on how long you have been in the original home.”
Invest in Landlord Insurance
Protect your new investment: In addition to homeowners insurance, rental property owners should always purchase landlord insurance. This type of insurance generally covers property damage, lost rental income, and liability protection—in case a tenant or a visitor suffers an injury as a result of property maintenance issues.
Keep in mind that standard homeowners insurance policies may not cover losses incurred while the home is rented out. Contact your insurance agent to make sure you are adequately insured.
To lower your costs, investigate whether an insurance provider will let you bundle landlord insurance with a homeowners insurance policy.
Rent to Own
If you want to buy a rental property but aren’t necessarily ready to commit to a down payment, consider a rent to own arrangement. Oftentimes, home buyers make buying arrangements with sellers in which they lease a property with the option to purchase it later at a set price. A percentage of the rent that is paid goes towards the down payment if you choose to purchase it.
In addition to potentially saving on a down payment, rent to own arrangements also allow you to see that value in the investment firsthand before you actually buy it. If the property isn’t as profitable as you hoped, you don’t have to buy. However, if you decide not to buy it, you will likely lose the
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Home Equity Line of Credit – HELOC
The HELOC is a loan that allows homeowners to borrow money against their home's equity – the value of their home minus what they owe on the Mortgage. Landlords can use this financing in two different ways:
First, landlords might purchase or refinance a property with the HELOC funds and then rent it out. They can then use the remaining HELOC money as an emergency fund for repairs or other expenses.
Second, landlords could use the HELOC to pay ongoing expenses such as mortgage payments, taxes, insurance, and utilities without worrying about cash flow. This helps landlords avoid taking out a second mortgage which would incur additional interest charges.
One of the great things about a HELOC is that landlords can borrow as much money as they want, and they will receive a set time frame to pay it back. This is a perfect way to invest in a property that needs work because you only need to borrow what is necessary for work on the property and not its total value.
The interest rates are usually pretty low, so this is also good if you want to purchase something with an opportunity for appreciation but don't have all the cash right now.
- Pros – This option can provide a steady source of income, and it can allow you to buy a property without having to take out a loan or Mortgage. The HELOC loan also covers the initial costs for renovations. It can help you buy property in an area that is not yet crowded and has high growth prospects in the future.
- Cons – A drawback of this strategy is that there may be penalties or fees if you don't stay within your original borrowing limits. You may have difficulty selling your property if you cannot make payments on your home equity line of credit.
If you already own a primary residence
1. Get a HELOC
Once you have enough equity in your home, typically 15% to 20%, you can apply for a home equity line of credit. Depending on the amount you’re approved for, you could buy an investment property outright, or you could use the HELOC money as a down payment on a property. If you’ll use the HELOC for a down payment, you might not have any cash flow until you pay back the HELOC. You’ll need to run the numbers to decide if the deal is worth it.
2. Do a cash-out refinance
Another method to use when you have about 20% equity in the home is to take out a new mortgage for more than what you owe, called a cash-out refinance. You use the extra money to either buy another property outright or as a down payment on a property.
3. House hack
You also can rent out your home, called house hacking. You can rent to one person or family or rent out the individual rooms. You would then rent an apartment or live elsewhere for less than what you’re charging for rent.
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